Perspectives for Cyber-Deterrence: A Quantitative Analysis of Cyber Threats and Attacks on Consumers

Richmond Adebiaye, Haroun Alryalat, Theophilus Owusu


Cyber Deterrence could be the United States' best counterintelligence defense against cyber aggression and industrial espionage on the Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR) and Cyber Threats on US consumers. As technology improves and global trade and interconnectivity extend beyond comprehension, accountability, ideology and culture, the need to provide fool-proof security to protect US consumers is essential for public safety and national defense. This study involves data collections, which examined the relationship between reliability and validity of different perspectives regarding cyber deterrence. A descriptive statistical investigation using survey methodologies was employed to ascertain concerns of 150 victims of cyber “hacktivism” on their finances through banking systems or retail merchants as well as to determine the framework of implementing cyber deterrence as an acceptable institutionalized cyber-counterintelligence. Theory integration models via obtained responses were used to test whether the stages of interrelation of variables and the mediation of motivation by victims of data breach are statistical viable and significant in predicting Cyber-security countermeasures, and secondly to exemplify/validate the data values for “bias”. The collection of the quantitative values is tabulated along a continuum in numerical form using scores, chisquare, and prevalence and frequency rates derived. This allowed the reliability and validity in the analysis of the mean patterns, nonlinear trends using ANOVA, prediction-patterns, multi-group structural equation modeling (MSEM), nested model analyses and stage transitions using binary logistic regression analyses to quantify all data breaches. The study finally presented descriptive statistics and psychometric properties to contextualize and validate analytic decisions made to support the framework for institutionalized cyber deterrence against cyber threats and attacks as an acceptable counterintelligence. The ultimate resultant composition led to frameworks that describe, explain, and validate findings of the surveys.


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